Sunday, 2 July 2017

Nuclear Energy, Running The Nation

Assalammualaikum wbt.

Hey again readers!
This is the first article for July. Nuclear energy sounds unfamiliar to me so I decided to do some research about it. By the way, this topic was included in one of the program called Programme International Student Assessment @ PISA, introduced by Organisation For Economic Co-Operation Development @ OECD starting from 2000 and we,batch 2002 are the chosen one! 
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant. Just as many conventional thermal power stations generate electricity by harnessing the thermal energy released from burning fossil fuels, nuclear power plants convert the energy released from the nucleus of an atom via nuclear fission that takes place in a nuclear reactor. The heat is removed from the reactor core by a cooling system that uses the heat to generate steam which drives a steam turbine connected to a generator producing electricity.


Produce Less Pollution:
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Nuclear power release fewer greenhouse gases. It has the least effect on nature since it doesn’t discharge any gases like methane and carbon dioxide which are primary causes of greenhouse emissions. There are no specific impact on water, land or any territories because of the application of nuclear power, except in times where transportation is utilized.

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It is estimated that with the current rate of consumption of uranium, it will last for another 70-80 years. It can run uninterrupted for even a year. As solar and wind energy are depending on weather conditions, nuclear power plant has no such constraints and can run without disruption in any climatic condition.

More Proficient Than Fossil Fuels:
Numbers of nuclear energy innovations have made it much more practical choice than others. Nuclear energy has higher energy density than fossil fuels. Nuclear power requires less fuel as compared to other power plants. Energy released by nuclear fission is approximately ten million times greater than the amount of energy released by fossil fuel atom.


Environmental Impact:
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Although it create least greenhouse gases, the process of mining and refining uranium hasn’t been a clean process. Transporting nuclear fuel to and from plants represents a pollution hazard. Also, once the fuel is used, you can’t simply take it to the landfill because it is radioactive and dangerous.

Nuclear Accidents:
The radioactive waste produced can pose serious health effects on the lives of people as well as the environment. Although the casualties were not that high but it caused serious environmental concerns. If leaks happen, the radioactive byproduct of nuclear energy is toxic and can cause cancer, blood disease and bone decay.

High Cost:
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Despite the low maintenance costs of nuclear power plants, a substantial amount of investment is needed to build these plants.


Nuclear Fission:
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The process of splitting a nucleus is called nuclear fission. Uranium or plutonium isotopes are normally used as the fuel in nuclear reactors because their atoms have relatively large nuclei that are easy to split especially when hit by neutrons. When a uranium or plutonium nucleus is hit by a neutron the nucleus splits into two smaller nuclei which are radioactive and some energy is released. The additional neutrons released may also hit other uranium or plutonium nuclei and cause them to split. Even more neutrons are then released which in turn can split more nuclei. This is called a chain reaction, the chain reaction in nuclear reactors is controlled to stop it from going too fast.

I'm nuclear,I'm dangerous. Handle me with care!
Feel free to drop your questions in the comment section below. I'll try my best to answer it inshallah. Thanks for visiting this blog. Don't forget to share it okay? Articles will be posted every four days. Stay up-to-date with it. 


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